Types of cholesterol

Jan 25 by

So we know that cholesterol is a yellow colored waxy fat, found in every cell in your body. It doesn’t just float about in the blood, it is carried around in the blood by lipoproteins.

There are 2 main types of cholesterol:

  • HDL (high density lipoproteins)
  • LDL (low density lipoproteins)

Fats in the body like cholesterol are called “lipids” and there are a number of different types.

LDL Cholesterol – Low Density Lipoprotein is considered as “bad cholesterol” and is made up of particles of fats that carry cholesterol out to the body’s cells. When there is too much LDL cholesterol in the blood, it can become a part of a thick, hard layer on the inside of your veins called “plaques”. The buildup of plagues is known as atherosclerosis and the thicker the layer, the more narrowed the veins become. When too much LDL bad cholesterol flows in the blood, it can gradually build up in the inner walls of the veins that feed the heart and brain. That has the effect of making blood flow harder and that can lead to high blood pressure and other problems.

 

When the veins in the heart narrow because of tablets buildup, there is a decrease in the flow of blood. The blood carries oxygen and when there is less blood flow, there is less oxygen carried to the tissues of the body. If the blood flow in the veins in the heart gets blocked completely, the lack of oxygen causes a heart attack. The same can happen with the veins that feed blood to the brain, and when they become blocked the lack of oxygen to the brain causes a stroke. So if you want to reduce your attack of heart attack you should try to keep LDL cholesterol level low.

HDL Cholesterol – High Density Lipoprotein is also known as the “good cholesterol” because having higher levels seems to protect against heart attack. Researchers believe that particles of fat that make up HDL cholesterol carry the cholesterol away from the veins and back to the liver, where it can be removed from the body. By doing this there is less cholesterol at the vein to form plaques. You need to keep HDL levels, generally, to be “high”. Some experts believe that HDL removes excess cholesterol from arterial plaque, slowing its buildup.

Triglycerides are most important lipid. Like cholesterol, it is found in foods you eat and your body also makes its own triglycerides. People with high triglycerides often have a high cholesterol, high LDL and a low HDL cholesterol level. Total cholesterol and a high LDL cholesterol that has high triglycerides is a threat issue for the buildup heart disease.

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